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The primary NIH organization for research on Stroke is the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

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Kids' Health is about children's health and development written for three distinct audiences. It includes more than 5,000 doctor-reviewed, up-to-date, and easy-to-read articles, interactive features, games, and videos.

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Related Issues

Common problems after stroke
Stroke Association
There are a range of longer-term problems that might continue after the Stroke.

Communication Disorders
Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. It can make it hard for you to read, write, and say what you mean to say. It is most common in adults who have had a stroke.

  • Aphasia
    MedlinePlus, Also available in Spanish
  • Aphasia
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    Also available in Spanish
  • Aphasia
    National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Also available in Spanish

Apraxia (called "dyspraxia" if mild) is a neurological disorder characterized by loss of the ability to execute or carry out skilled movements and gestures, despite having the desire and the physical ability to perform them.
  • Apraxia
    MedlinePlus, Also available in Spanish
  • Apraxia
    Mount Sinai Hospital
    Provides definition, risk factor, diagnosis, and treatments.
  • Apraxia of Speech in Adults
    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
    Describes signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment  of apraxia
  • Apraxia Information Page Listen to this page using ReadSpeaker
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
    Gives detailed information on different types of apraxia including links to Apraxia Clinical Trials.
    Also available in Spanish.
Aphasia vs. Apraxia
Post stroke or brain injury communication disorders include aphasia, apraxia of speech and oral apraxia. At times, it may be difficult to identify which of these conditions a survivor is dealing with, particularly since it is possible for all three to be present at the same time.

Dysphagia/Swallowing Disorders
People with dysphagia have difficulty swallowing and may even experience pain while swallowing (odynophagia). Some people may be completely unable to swallow or may have trouble safely swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. When that happens, eating becomes a challenge.

Bladder & Bowel Function
Post-stroke complications include urinary incontinence, constipation and bowel incontinence, and much more.

Cognitive Disorders

Depression is the most common mental disorder. Fortunately, depression is treatable. A combination of therapy and antidepressant medication can help ensure recovery. More>>>

  • Diabetes
    National Stroke Association
    The site includes information on how is diabetes linked to stroke, diagnosis and treatment of diabetes, and more.
  • Stroke and Diabetes Listen to this page using ReadSpeaker

Research indicates that as many as 74 percent of stroke survivors face some form of pain. The sites includes information on types of pain, symptoms, treatment, management, and provides other resources.

Pressure Ulcers
  • Preventing Pressure Ulcers
    Article includes useful information on self-care for wheelchair users, and for people who is in bed.
  • Pressure Sores
    Article includes overview, treatment, clinical trials, patient handouts, also is available in Spanish and Arabic.